Psalterium


shelfmark

Brussels, KBR, ms. 9961-62 (olim 1533)

genre – text type

liturgy

content

Psalterium [Peterborough psalter]

incipit

(fol. 1r) Prima dies m(en)sis. (et) .vij. tru(n)cat ut ensis. Ianuarius habet dies .xxxi. luna .xxx. ...

explicit

(fol. 141r) ... fias michi p(er)ualidus defensor qui es benedictus in secula .am(en).

language

Latin; French

origin

England

date

14th c. (first half)

scribe

/

script

littera gothica textualis

decoration

decorated initials; marginal decoration; historiated initials; miniatures

miniatures

(fol. 1r) January: Janus feasting; Aquarius, (fol. 1v) February: Man warming his feet before the hearth; Pisces, (fol. 2r) March: Man digging; Aries, (fol. 2v) April: Man holding leafy branches; Taurus, (fol. 3r) May: Man with grazing horse; Gemini, (fol. 3v) June: Man cultivating; Cancer, (fol. 4r) July: Man scything; Lion, (fol. 4v) August: Man harvesting with a sickle; Virgo, (fol. 5r) September: Man harvesting grapes; Libra, (fol. 5v) Man sowing; Scorpio, (fol. 6r) November: Man slaughtering hogs; Sagittarius, (fol. 6v) December: Woodcutter; Capricorn, (fol. 10r) Jeremiah, Isaiah, Moses and Gideon; Annunciation; Mercy, Truth, Justice and Peace; Visitation, (fol. 10v) Aaron's rod and dream of Nebuchadnezzar; Nativity; Habakkuk and David; Annunciation to the shepherds, (fol. 11r) Balaam on the ass; Isaiah and the temple; Departure of the Jews from Pharaoh; Journey of the Magi, (fol. 11v) Christ and Gentiles rejecting Satan; Joseph reunited with his brothers; Solomon and the Queen of Sheba; Magi leaving Herod, (fol. 12r) Adoration of the Magi; Lot warned and the pillar of salt; Prophet warned; Warning of the Magi, (fol. 12v) Samuel in the temple; Presentation of Christ in the temple; Sacrifice of Melchisedek; David and Ahimelech, (fol. 13r) Elijah warned to flee; Flight into Egypt; Murder of Rachel's children; Massacre of the Innocents, (fol. 13v) S. Benedict in prayer before the altar; Christ in majesty and symbols of the evangelists, (fol. 24r) Death of Saul; Death of Herod; Moses listening to Jethro; Daniel and the elders, (fol. 24v) Christ among the doctors; Noah in the ark; Crossing of the Red Sea; Baptism of Christ, (fol.25r) First temptation of Christ; Temptation of Eve; Death of Absalom; Fall of man (Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden), (fol. 25v) Temptation of Esau; Second Temptation of Christ; Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Paradise; David and Goliath, (fol. 32v) Daniel and the dragon and the prophet Zachariah; Third temptation of Christ; Abraham and Melchisedek; David presenting the head of Goliath, (fol. 33r) Entry of Christ in Jerusalem; Elisha and Gehazi; Prophet Jeremiah; Expulsion of the money-changers from the temple, (fol. 33v) David playing the harp; Last Supper; Prophet Jeremiah and David; Christ washing the feet of the disciples, (fol. 39v) Boy in a tree handing cherries to a girl below and bear shaking the tree so that the monkey perching in it would fall from the branch, (fol. 40r) Abraham washing the angel's feet; Agony in the garden; Laban washing the camels' feet; S. Benedikt washing the feet of the poor, (fol. 40v) Blinding of Tobit; Betrayal of Christ; Daniel praying and the prophet Isaiah; Joab killing Amasa, (fol. 47r) Hunting scene: a hunter blowing horn and a dog chasing rabbits, (fol. 47v) Joseph sold by his brothers; Blindfolding of Christ; Prophets Isaiah and Micah; Mocking of Elisha by children who will be attacked by bears, (fol. 48r) Job in the dung heap; Flagellation of Christ; Abraham and Isaac bearing the sacrificial faggots; Widow of Zarephath, (fol. 56r) Christ bearing the cross; Sacrifice of the scapegoat; Mozes and the brazen serpent on the pillar, (fol. 56v) Cain and Abel and the pascal lamb; Crucifixion; Elisha and the Sunamite; Ezekiel writing the tau on the foreheads, (fol. 64r) Deposition; David saving the sheep; Samson carrying the gates of Gaza; David let down from the window, (fol. 64v) Entombment of Christ; Jonah saved from the whale; Daniel saved from the lions' den; Descent into Limbo, (fol. 72v) Hunter kissing women; Resurrection of Christ; God appears to Moses, (fol. 73r) Death of Oza; Marys at the tomb; Lot and the angels; The Jew and the Levite, (fol. 73v) Noli me tangere; Christ and the pilgrims; Jacob and the angel; Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manassah, (fol. 91v) Castle of Love, (fol. 92r) Supper at Emmaus; Thomas' doubt; Ruth in the field of Boaz; Elephants provoked to fight by the blood of grapes and mulberries, (fol. 92v) Jacob's ladder; Ascension of Christ; Prophet Habakuk and Salomon; Fire descending on the altar, (fol. 93r) Prophet Jeremiah; Pentecost; David; Prophet Zachariah, (fol. 100v) David struggling with the lion

historiated initials

(fol. 14r) initial B: David playing the harp [11 lines]; initial Q: Standing man [3 lines], (fol. 14v) initial D: Doctor with urine flask [3 lines]; initial C: King with sword [3 lines], (fol. 15r) initial V: Anthropomorphic being [3 lines], (fol. 18r) initial U: Fabulous animal [3 lines], (fol. 20v) initial C: Fabulous animal [3 lines], (fol. 22v) initial D: Anthropomorphic being [3 lines], (fol. 26r) initial D: Anointing of David by the prophet Samuel [9 lines], (fol. 34r) initial D: King sitting on a throne looking at a man feeding a falcon [8 lines], (fol. 41r) initial Q: Women with book disputing with two men with books [8 lines]; initial D: A fool and Saul committing suicide [9 lines], (fol. 48v) initial S: Christ with the world globe and Jonah saved from the whale [8 lines], (fol. 57r) initial E: King playing bells [8 lines], (fol. 62r) initial D: Fabulous animal [3 lines], (fol. 65r) initial D: Abbot and Benedictine monk praying at an altar [8 lines], (fol. 66r) initial C: Monks chanting [8 lines], (fol. 71v) initial P: Fabulous animal [3 lines], (fol. 74r) initial D: Trinity [8 lines], (fol. 85v) initial D: Fabulous animal [3 lines], (fol. 91v) initial D: Fabulous animal [3 lines], (fol. 94r) initial C: Christ in majesty and symbols of the evangelists [6 lines], (fol. 95v) Man with hunting bird [3 lines], (fol. 98r) initial T: Antropomorphic being [3 lines], (fol. 98v) initial B: Head of an animal [3 lines], (fol. 99r) initial B: Anthropomorphic being [3 lines]; initial M: Two fishes [3 lines], (fol. 100v) initial S: Benedictine monk praying to the Deity holding the sun and the moon [4 lines], (fol. 101v) initial P: Human head [3 lines], (fol. 102r) initial B: Head of an animal [3 lines], (fol. 102v) initial T: Anthropomorphic being [3 lines], (fol. 105r) initial O: Human bust [3 lines], (fol. 106r) initial A: Antropomorphic being [5 lines], (fol. 123r) initial D: Head of an animal [3 lines]; initial D: Antropomorphic being [3 lines]

codicological description

parchment; (II) + I + 141 + I ff.; ca. 30 x 19,5 cm; 2 columns; collation: 1 (8+1), 2 (4), 3-15 (8)

provenance

Geoffrey of Croyland (abbot of Peterborough); Gaucelin of Eux; John XXII (pope); Clemence of Hungary (queen of France); Philip VI of Valois (king of France); Library of the Louvre (Paris); Philip the Good (duke of Burgundy); Burgundian Library; Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris); Burgundian Library (Brussels); Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België – Bibliothèque royale de Belgique (Brussels)

coats of arms

Artois (county): fol. 95v; Boulogne (county): ff. 34r, 48v; Brabant (duchy): ff. 26r, 41r, 48v; Burgundy (county): fol. 24r, 41r, 65r; Burgundy (duchy): ff. 24r; 26r, 57r [?]; Flanders (county): ff. 24r, 34r, 41r, 57r, 65r, 74r; France (kingdom): fol. 24r; Hainaut (county): fol. 41r; Holland (county): ff. 26r, 41r, 57r, 65r; Limburg [?] (duchy): ff. 24r, 26r, 41r, 65r, 74r; Namur (county): ff. 41r, 48v; Philip the Good (duke of Burgundy): ff. 10r, 10v, 11r, 11v, 12r, 12v, 13r, 24r, 24v, 25r, 25v, 32v, 33r, 33v, 40r, 40v, 47v, 48r, 56r, 56v, 64r, 64v, 72v, 73r, 73v, 92r, 93r

binding

modern (empire)

bibliography

B. Bousmanne & C. Van Hoorebeeck (eds). La Librairie des ducs de Bourgogne. Manuscrits conservés à la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, I. Turnhout, 2000, p. 180-196; L. Delisle, Mélanges de paléographie et de bibliographie. Paris, 1880, p. 197-207; L. Delisle, Recherches sur la librairie de Charles V, I. Paris, 1907, p. 172-174; C. Gaspar & F. Lyna, Les principaux manuscrits à peintures de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, I. Bruxelles, 1984, nr. 43; La Librairie de Charles V [exhibition catalogue]. Paris, 1968, p. 63-64, nr. 127; L. Freeman Sandler, 'Peterborough Abbey and the Peterborough Psalter in Brussels', in Journal of the British Archeological Association, 3th series, XXXIII, 1970, p. 36-49; L. Freeman Sandler, The Peterborough Psalter in Brussels and other Fenland Manuscripts. London, 1974.