Miscellany of various texts; Prudentius, Psychomachia; Physiologus de natura animantium


shelfmark

Brussels, KBR, ms. 10066-77 (olim LL 6-1)

 

icone LoupeHet document doorbladeren

 

Miscellany of various texts; Prudentius, Psychomachia; Physiologus de natura animantium

genre – text type

Classical literature; patristic literature; theology

content

(fol. 1r-3v) fragment from breviary; (fol. 4r) table of contents; (fol. 4v-65r) Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium; (fol. 65v) blank but for a sketch of a gothic rose window with under it: 'Probatio Incausti / utrum bonum sit annon / Iudica Godefride'; (fol. 66ra-70ra) Allegoriarum obscuritates satis profunde de veteri testamento; (fol. 70rb-71v) blank; (fol. 72ra-79vb) sequel to the previous?; (fol. 80r-84r) Hebrew-Latin wordlist (inc.: Aaron fons fortitudinis); (fol. 84r-85r) Greek-Latin wordlist (inc.: Absida lucida); (fol. 85v-86r) Glosses to Prudentius, Psychomachia, 1; (fol. 86va-87ra) antiphon for Saint Nicholas (inc.: O pastor aeterne o clemens); (fol. 87ra-b) antiphon for the Assumption of the Virgin (inc.: Specialis virgo inter agmina virginum); (fol. 87v) sermon (?; inc.: Septem columnis septem signantur dona spiritus sancti); (fol. 88r-v) grammatical notes; (fol. 89r-111v) Biblical glossary (inc.: Prologus id est praelocutio prohemium initium dicendi); (fol. 112r-139r) Prudentius, Psychomachia; (fol. 139v) grammatical notes (cf. fol. 88r-v); (fol. 140r-156v) Physiologus; (fol. 157r) Gerbertus Aureliacensis, Commentary on Boethius' Arithmetica (fragment; inc.: Locus in arithmetica hic quem quidam invictum estimant sic resolvitur); (fol. 157v-158r) various notes; (fol. 158v-160v) Micon Centulensis, Opus prosodiacum; (fol. 161r) Boethius, Commentarius in Ciceronis Topica (fragment); (fol. 161v-162r) grammatical notes (cf. fol. 88r-v and 139v); (fol. 162bis) fragment from a breviary (cf. fol. 1-3); (fol. 162ter) fragment about a possession in Lith, province North-Brabant (Netherlands) (on paper, 15th c.)

incipit

(fol. 4v) [Q]uoniam quidam impaciencius pocius quam studiosius

explicit

(fol. 162r) quibus immolabant simulacris libo id est gusto

language

Latin

origin

Northeastern France (fol. 5r-65r); Belgium: Meuse region?

date

10th c. (fol. 112r-129r); 10th-11th c. (140r-162r); 12th c. (fol. 1r-3v, 5r-65r, 80r-111v); 14th c. (fol. 4r-v, 66ra-70ra, 72ra-79vb).

script

Caroline minuscule; early gothic; gothic textualis

decoration

decorated initials; marginal decoration; miniatures

miniatures

(fol. 112r) Sacrifice of Isaac; (fol. 112v) Loth robbed by the five kings; (fol. 112v) Abraham pursues the robbers; (fol. 113r) Abraham returns in victory; (fol. 113v) Abraham and Melchisedec; (fol. 114r) Abraham and the angels; (fol. 114v) Prudentius at prayer; (fol. 115r) Faith fights Worship of the pagan gods; (fol. 115v) Faith overturns the cult of the ancient gods; (fol. 115v) Faith offers crowns to the martyrs; (fol. 116r) Chastity fights against Lust; (fol. 116r) Chastity strikes Lust with a rock; (fol. 116v) Chastity pierces Lust with her sword; (fol. 116v) Chastity mocks Lust; (fol. 117v) Chastity washes her sword in the river Jordan; (fol. 118r) Chastity hides her sword under an altar; (fol. 118r) Without fear Chastity stands in the middle of various vices; (fol. 118v) Anger strikes Patience; (fol. 118v) Anger threatens Patience; (fol. 119r) Anger throws her lance at Patience; (fol. 119v) Anger strikes Patience with her sword; (fol. 120r) Anger's sword is broken; (fol. 120r) Anger pierces herself; (fol. 120v) Patience mocks Anger; (fol. 120v) Patience passes through the armies with Job; (122r) Pride; (fol. 122r) Pride leads the masses, whereas Humility and Hope wait without any fear; (fol. 123v) Pride attacks Humility and Hope; (fol. 123v) Pride falls into a ditch; (fol. 124r) Humility laughs at Pride; (fol. 124r) Hope offers her sword to Humility; (fol. 124v) Humility cuts off Pride's head; (fol. 124v) Humility offers Pride's head to Hope; (fol. 126r)  Temperance holds the cross against Luxury's car; (fol. 127r) Avarice; (fol. 127r) Avarice brings together Luxury's treasures; (fol. 127r) Avarice feeds the vices with her milk; (fol. 128r) Avarice cheats on men and blinds them; (fol. 128r) Avarice throws men into the fire; (fol. 130v) Generosity hands out Avarice's belongings to the poor; (fol. 130v) Generosity speaks to the masses; (fol. 132v) Discord hides among the virtues; (fol. 133r) Discord surrounded by the virtues; (fol. 133v) Faith pierces Discord's mouth; (fol. 133v) the virtues chop Discord into pieces; (fol. 134r) Faith and Harmony; (fol. 135v) Charity addresses the virtues; (fol. 136v) Faith speaks to the virtues; (fol. 137r) Faith and Charity measure the place where the temple of the Lord will be built; (fol. 137v) Wisdom; (fol. 138v) Prudentius at prayer; (fol. 139r) two sketches of a lady; (fol. 139v) sketch of a person, probably female (largely erased); (fol. 140v) the Lion, Jacob blesses his son Juda, the Lion wipes out its own traces; (fol. 141r) stuck in a tree, the Autalops is killed by a hunter, Christ exhorts Man to get rid of his vices; (fol. 141v) a woman shows two stones to a spectator, Joseph, Samson and Susanne, Adam and Eve; (fol. 142r) a seamonster tries to block a ship; (fol. 142v) capture of a caladrius, it turns away from a sick man; (fol. 143r) the caladrius looks at a patient who is healed immediately, it flies towards the sun, Christ accepts Man's infirmities, Moses' serpent heals the Hebrews in the desert; (fol. 143v) a young pelican attacks his father with his beak, a female pelican saves its youngsters by its own blood, Christ on the cross; (fol. 144r) a group of Jews, the emperor sitting under a porch, Christ addresses himself to the Jews; (fol. 144v) rejuvenation of an eagle, Christ addresses himself to Man, baptism; (fol. 145r) the phoenix on the Lebanon, a priest discovers a new phoenix on the altar, Christ speaks to a group of men; (fol. 145v-146r) Solomon speaks to a Lazy Man, various scenes from the life of the ants; (fol. 146v) Sirenes and centaurs; (fol. 147r) the capture of a unicorn.

 

historiated initials

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codicological description

Parchment; 162 (immo 164) + i + i (paper) + (i) f.; 25,5 x 17,5 cm; 1 column (fol. 4r-65r and 112r-156v), 2 columns; collation: 1 (8+1) 2 (8) 3 (8+1) 4 (8) 5 (6) 6 (8+1) 7 (8) 8-9 (6) 10-11 (8) 12-13 (8+1) 14 (6) 15 (8) 16 (6) 17 (6+1) 18 (6) 19 (2+1) 20 (6) 21 (8+1) 22 (8)

provenance

Abbey of St Remaclus (Stavelot) ?; Abbey of Saint Laurent (Liège); Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris); Royal Library of Belgium (Brussels)

coats of arms

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binding

Modern Binding (20th c.)

bibliography

R. Stettiner, Die illustrierten Prudentiushandschriften, Berlin, 1895-1905, I, p. 61-69; P. Thomas, Catalogue des manuscrits de classiques latins de la Bibliothèque royale de Bruxelles, Gand, 1896, p. 61; J. Van den Gheyn, Catalogue des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, II, Bruxelles, 1902, p. 49-50, nr. 977;  J. Bergman, De codicibus Prudentianis, Holmiae, 1910, p. 52-53; H. Woodruff, 'The illustrated manuscripts of Prudentius', in Art studies (1929), p. 33-79 (p. 41-42); R. Di Cesare, 'Su di un gruppo di glosse antico-francesi in un lessico latino dell'XI secolo', in Aevum, 27 (1935), p. 430-448; C. Gaspar - F. Lyna, Les principaux manuscrits à peintures de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, I (Bruxelles, 1937), p. 21-26, nr. 7; H. Silvestre, 'Une copie du Xe siècle non utilisée du premier glossaire grec-latin Abscida lucida (fragment)', in Archivum Latinitatis Medii Aevi, 21 (1951), p. 159-170; H. Silvestre, 'Incipits des traités médiévaux de sciences expérimentale dans les mss latins de Bruxelles, I Corrections au catalogue de Lynn Thorndike et Pearl Kibre', in Scriptorium, 5 (1951), p. 145-160 (p. 151 and 152); H. Silvestre, 'Le commentaire inédit de Jean Scot Erigène au mètre IX du livre III du "De Consolatione Philosophiae" de Boèce', in Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique, 47 (1952), p. 44-122; H. Silvestre, 'Antiennes de matines d'un ancien office de l'Assmption ou de la Purification', in Ephemerides liturgicae, 67 (1953), p. 138-146; H. Silvestre, 'Aperçu sur les commentaires carolingiens de Prudence', in Sacris erudiri, 9 (1957), p. 50-74 and 396; H. Silvestre, 'Les manuscrits bruxellois de Prudence', in Scriptorium, 11 (1957), p. 103-104; H. Silvestre, 'Une adaptation du Commentaire de Macrobe sur le Songe de Scipion dans un manuscrit de Bruxelles', in Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen-âge, 29 (1961), p. 93-101; L. McKinney, Medical illustrations in medieval manuscripts, London, 1965, p. 112; Rhein und Maas, Kunst und Kultur 800-1400, exhibition catalogue, Köln, 1972, p. 225, nr. F 16; R. Calcoen, Inventaire des manuscrits scientifiques de la Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier, III, Bruxelles, 1975, p. 17-18;  C.M. Kaufmann, Romanesque manuscripts, 1066-1190, London, 1975, p. 76; Le livre illustré en occident, du haut moyen âge à nos jours, exhibition catalogue, Bruxelles, 1977, p. 12-13, nr. 7; O. Mazal, Buchkunst der Romanik, Graz, 1978, p. 91; H. Silvestre, 'À propos du "Bruxellensis" 10066-77 et de son noyau primitif', in: P. Cockshaw - M.-C. Garand - P. Jodogne (edd.), Miscellanea codicologica F. Masai dicata, Gand, 1979, I, p. 131-156; B. Munk Olsen, 'Les classiques latins dans les florilèges médiévaux antérieurs au XIIIe siècle', in Revue d'histoire des textes, 9 (1979), p. 47-121 and 10 (1980), p. 115-164 (9, p. 60); H. Silvestre, 'À propos du Bruxellensis 10.066-77 et de son noyau primitif', in Scriptorium, 34 (1980), p. 131-150; I. Hottois, L'Iconographie musicale dans les manuscrits de la Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier, exhibition catalogue, Bruxelles, 1982, p. 76, nr. 105; B. Munk Olsen, L'étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles. I Catalogue des manuscrits classiques latins copiés du IXe au XIIe siècle: Apicius-Juvénal, Paris, 1982, p. 66, 331, 406, 442 and 562; B. Munk Olsen, L'étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles. II Catalogue des manuscrits classiques latins copiés du IXe au XIIe siècle: Livius - Vitruvius, Florilèges - Essais de plume, Paris, 1985, p. 16, 31, 86, 97, 191, 319, 478, 490, 530, 710 and 846; Manuscrits à peintures du IXe au début du XVe siècle, exhibition catalogue, Bruxelles, 1985, p. 12, nr. 3; G. Bologna, Illuminated manuscripts. The book before Gutenberg, London, 1988, p. 86-87; D. Faraci, Il bestiario medio inglese (Ms Arundel 292 della British Library), L'Aquila - Roma, 1990, p. 10; Sirènes m'étaient contées, exhibition catalogue, Bruxelles, 1992, p. 151, nr. 40; J. Machielsen (ed.), Clavis patristica pseudepigraphorum Medii aevi, IIA, Turnhout, 1994, p. 26; S. O'Sullivan, Early medieval glosses on Prudentius' Psychomachia: The Weitz tradition (Leiden, 2004), p. 61-63; P. Delsaerdt - J.-M. Duvosquel - L. Simons - Cl. Sorgeloos, Cent trésors de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, Bruxelles, 2005, p. 38-39, nr. 6.