Mustio, Gynaecia and other medical treatises


shelfmark

Brussels, KBR, ms. 3701-15 (olim Y3)

 

icone LoupeHet document doorbladeren

 

Mustio, Gynaecia and other medical treatises

genre – text type

Science (medicine)

content

(fol. 1r) [De humoribus] (deest initium); (fol. 1r-2r) Vindicianus, Epistula ad Pentadium; (fol. 2r-v) Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistula de observatione temporum; (fol. 2v) Ps.-Galenus, De sanguine et flegma (excerpts); (fol. 2v-4v) Disputatio Platonis et Aristotelis; (fol. 4v-5r) De conpaginationibus corporis vel quomodo infans generatur in vulva mulieris; (fol. 5r) De homine et voce; (fol. 5v) Arsenius, Epistula ad Nepotianum; (fol. 5v-6r) Epistula quantis annis latuit medicina; (fol. 6r) Isidorus Hispalensis, Etymologiae, 4, 3 and 4,4,2; (fol. 6r-7r) Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistula de indicium [sic!] medicinae; (fol. 7r) Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistula; (fol. 7r) Epistula quod per omnes curas adhibenda sint medicamenta; (fol. 7r) Ps.-Salomon, Epistula; (fol. 7r-v) Oribasius, Conspectus ad Eustathium filium; (fol. 7v-8r) Oribasius, Ad Eunapium de parabilibus medicamentis (excerpts); (fol. 8r-9r) Ps.-Herophilus, Epistula ad Antiochum regem; (fol. 9r-10r) Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistula de quattuor humoribus; (fol. 10r-v) Ps.-Praxagoras, Epistula; (fol. 10v-11r) Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistula de flebotomia; (fol. 11r-v) Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistula de incisione flevotomi; (fol. 11v) Qualis venas sunt incidendas; (fol. 11v) De abto tempore fleotomiae; (fol. 11v-12r) Epistula quod conservare debemus omni tempore et die et nocte; (fol. 12r) Ps.-Diocles, Epistula ad Pamperium; (fol. 12r) Epistula de incisione; (fol. 12r-v) Epistula de flebotomia; (fol. 12v-13r) Epistula de pectoris causa; (fol. 13r-14v) Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistula de sanguine cognoscendum; (fol.14v)  Ps.-Apollo, Epistula de incisione; (fol. 15r-31v) Soranus, Gynaecia (Latin translation by Mustio); (fol. 31v) medical recipes; (fol. 32r-33v) Ps.-Cleopatra, Gynaecia; (fol. 33v) medical recipes; (fol. 34r-65v) Commentary on Hippocrates' Aphorismi.

incipit

(fol. 1r) humores tales mores faciunt. Sanguis facit hominem

explicit

(fol. 65v) aliqua cogitatione malu(m) e(st) quia significat

language

Latin

origin

Carolingian empire

date

(fol. 1-33) 9th c.; (fol. 34-65) 11th c.

script

(fol. 1-33) Carolingian minuscule; (fol. 34-65) early gothic script

 

decoration

decorated initials; miniatures

 

miniatures

(fol. 16v) scheme of a uterus; (fol. 26v) two uteruses with a foetus; (fol. 27r) uterus with three foetuses; (fol. 27v) four uteruses with a foetus in different positions; (fol. 28r) four uteruses with a foetus in different positions; (fol. 28v) uterus with four uteruses; (fol. 39r) uterus with eleven foetuses.

historiated initials

/

 

codicological description

Parchment; (i) + 65 + (i) f.; 28 x 20 cm; (fol. 1-33) 1 column, (fol. 34-65) 2 columns; 1 (8) 2 (6) 3-4 (8) 5 (2+1) 6-8 (8) 9 (6) 10 (2)

provenance

Victor Ghyselinck (Flanders, Leuven); Adrianus de Crom (Oirschot, Douai, Leuven); Jesuits (Leuven) ?; Royal Library of Belgium (Brussels)

coats of arms

/

 

binding

Modern binding (early 20th c.)

 

bibliography

V. Rose (ed.), Theodori Prisciani Euporiston libri III, cum physicorum fragmento et additamentis pseudo-Theodoreis. Accedunt Vindiciani Afri quae feruntur reliquiae, Lipsiae, 1894, p. 484; H. Diels, 'Die Handschriften der antiken Ärzte', in: Abhandlungen der königlich preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1905, p. 1-158 (p. 52) and 1906, p. i-xxiii. 1-115 (p. 23, 28, 66, 72 and 86); M. Laignel-Lavastine, Histoire générale de la médecine, de la pharmacie, de l'art dentaire et de l'art vétérinaire, Paris, 1936, I, p. 330-331; C. Gaspar - F. Lyna, Les principaux manuscrits à peintures de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, I (Bruxelles, 1937), p. 15-16, nr. 15; K. Weitzmann, Illustrations in roll and codex. A study of the origin and method of text illustration, Princeton, 1947, p. 136-137 and fig. 118; H. Silvestre, 'Incipits des traités médiévaux de sciences expérimentales dans les manuscrits latins de Bruxelles, I. Corrections au catalogue de Lynn Thorndike et Pearl Kibre', in: Scriptorium, 5 (1951), p. 145-160 (p. 149, 150, 151, 153, 155, 157, 158, 159); A. Beccaria, I codici di medicina del periodo presalernitano (secoli IX, X e XI), Roma, 1956, p. 112-117, nr. 6; J. Needham, A history of embryology, Cambridge, 1959, pl. 3; K. Weitzmann, Ancient book illumination, Cambridge (Mass.), 1959, p. 19-20 and fig. 23; K. Schubring, 'Epistulae Paraxagorae', in Sudhoffs Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften, 46 (1962), fasc. 4, p. 295-310; R. Calcoen, Inventaire des manuscrits scientifiques de la Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier, I, Bruxelles, 1965, p. 73-75; L. Mackinney, Medical illustrations in medieval manuscripts. Part I: Early medicine in illuminated manuscripts, Part II: Medical miniatures in extant manuscripts: a checklist, London, 1965, p. 111; R. Herrlinger, Geschichte der medizinischen Abbildung von der Antike bis um 1600, München, 1973 (2nd ed.), p. 21-22; P. Kibre, 'Hippocrates Latinus: Repertorium of Hippocratic writings in the Latin Middle Ages', in: Traditio, 32 (1976), p. 257-292 (p. 264), 33 (1977), p. 253-295 (p. 280), 35 (1979), p. 273-302 (p. 277 and 284-287) and 36 (1980), p. 347-372 (p. 348); J. Verdon, 'La gynécologie et l'obstétrique aux IXe-XIe siècles', in Revue française de Gynécologie, 71 (1976), 1, p. 39-47; Manuscrits à peintures du IXe au début du XVe siècle. Catalogue d'exposition, Bruxelles, Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier, 16.2-9.3.1985, Bruxelles, 1985, nr. 2; A. Stückelberger, Bild und Wort: das illustrierte Fachbuch in der antiken Naturwissenschaft, Medizin und Technik, Mainz, 1994, p. 93-94; P. Delsaerdt - J.-M. Duvosquel - L. Simons - Cl. Sorgeloos, Cent trésors de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, Bruxelles, 2005, p. 40-41, nr. 7.